No professional army in the world can do without reserves in a time of crisis. The same applies for the Army of the Czech Republic (ACR). The Army of the Czech Republic has two types of reserves. The first type, with more members, are compulsory reserves that include all citizens, who accomplished compulsory military service in the past, and who are younger than 60. Nevertheless, with regard to termination of the compulsory military service the number of members of the compulsory reserves has been decreasing, and with regard to modernisation of the Army and new trends in combat technique, even the specialists who were well trained in the past have been losing qualities usable in modern war conflicts.
The other type of the reserves is Active Reserve (AR). Active Reserve is a fully professional body based on free will of the citizens of the Czech Republic to overtake the commitment to keep their own military preparedness.
Active Reserve of the ACR can be proud of the fact that it belongs to the most expanding reserve in the region. By 2025 the Active Reserve is expected to have full repleteness of 5,000 members. The history of the Active Reserve of the ACR is a follow-up of the Czechoslovak reserve units formed in the period from 1918 to 1938. Nevertheless, the beginnings of the Active Reserve in the form we know today date back to 1999, when the Chief of the General Staff of that time called the first members of the reserves to a voluntary exercise. These soldiers have then after 2002 become the backbone of the Active Reserve formation.
After 2002 Regional Infantry Companies of the Active Reserve began to form within Regional Military Commands. The main purpose of these Companies is especially to help in situations, such as natural disasters and protection of objects important for state defence in risk situations, which may include e. g. intensive threat of a terrorist attack.
From 2007 first heralds emerge in the form of platoons and companies of the Active Reserve incorporated in the systems of individual combat units of the ACR.
Probably the most important milestone presented the legislation changes in 2016. These changes amend rewarding of Active Reserve members to the level of professional soldiers, and increase the maximum number of days during which an Active Reserve soldier can perform exercises. The change of the law goes hand in hand with a change of the Active Reserve structure. Active Reserve units are formed within most of the combat units, the existing units grow and structures of the Active Reserve successively begin to integrate into higher command functions up to Colonel rank.
This trend is also projected in individual training, where the individuals are gradually trained not only in basic functions, but also as combat vehicles crew or weapon system operators.
Should you be interested in entering the Active Reserve or should you want to learn more about functioning and structure of the Active Reserve, we recommend that you visit the official ACR webpage.